How to Throw a Changeup

How to Throw a Changeup (Mechanics & Tips)

Throwing a changeup is a crucial skill for any pitcher looking to keep batters off balance and add variety to their repertoire.

This pitch, when executed correctly, can deceive hitters with its slower speed and movement, making it an effective weapon on the mound.

In this article, we will explore the mechanics, grip variations, and strategies behind throwing a changeup.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced pitcher looking to refine your skills, this comprehensive guide will provide valuable insights to help you master the art of the changeup.

The Mechanics of a Changeup

Before diving into the different grip variations and strategies, it is essential to understand the basic mechanics of throwing a changeup.

The success of this pitch relies on the pitcher’s ability to maintain consistent arm speed and release point, while reducing the velocity compared to their fastball.

Here are the key steps to throwing a changeup:

  1. Grip: Start by finding a comfortable grip that allows you to have control over the pitch. We will explore different grip variations in the next section.
  2. Arm Speed: Maintain the same arm speed as your fastball delivery. This is crucial to deceive the batter and make the pitch appear like a fastball until the last moment.
  3. Release Point: Focus on releasing the ball slightly later than your fastball. This delay in release will reduce the pitch’s velocity and create the desired movement.
  4. Follow-Through: Finish your delivery with a smooth follow-through, just like you would with any other pitch. This will help maintain consistency and prevent telegraphing the changeup to the batter.

How To Throw a Changeup with Cubs Pitcher Kyle Hendricks

Grip Variations for the Changeup

One of the critical aspects of throwing a changeup is finding the right grip that suits your hand size and comfort.

There are various grip variations pitchers can experiment with to achieve the desired movement and control.

Here are three popular changeup grips:

The Circle Changeup Grip

The circle changeup grip is one of the most commonly used grips for this pitch. To execute this grip:

  1. Place your thumb and index finger in a circle shape, similar to making an “OK” sign.
  2. Rest the ball against your palm, with your middle and ring fingers on top of the ball.
  3. Apply pressure with your thumb and index finger to create a firm grip.
  4. Keep your pinky finger off the ball, allowing it to rest comfortably on the side.

This grip allows for a loose grip on the ball, which helps reduce velocity and generate natural movement.

The Three-Finger Changeup Grip

The three-finger changeup grip is another popular variation that provides control and movement. To execute this grip:

  1. Place your index, middle, and ring fingers across the seams of the ball.
  2. Keep your thumb underneath the ball for support.
  3. Apply slight pressure with your fingers to create a secure grip.

This grip allows for better control and can generate a sinking or tailing movement, depending on the pitcher’s arm angle and release point.

The Split-Finger Changeup Grip

The split-finger changeup grip is a more advanced variation that requires practice to master. To execute this grip:

  1. Place your index and middle fingers on the inside seams of the ball, similar to a two-seam fastball grip.
  2. Spread your fingers slightly wider apart, creating a split between them.
  3. Rest your thumb underneath the ball for support.
  4. Apply pressure with your fingers to create a secure grip.

This grip can generate significant downward movement and is particularly effective against hitters who struggle with pitches low in the strike zone.

Strategies for Throwing a Changeup

Now that we have covered the mechanics and grip variations, let’s explore some strategies to effectively use the changeup during a game:

Change of Speed

The primary purpose of a changeup is to disrupt the batter’s timing by offering a significant speed difference compared to the fastball.

By throwing a changeup after a series of fastballs, you can catch the batter off guard and induce weak contact or swings and misses.

Varying the speed between your fastball and changeup is crucial to keep the batter guessing.

Location and Movement

Similar to any other pitch, location plays a vital role in the success of a changeup.

Aim to locate the pitch in the lower portion of the strike zone, as this will maximize the potential for ground balls and swings and misses.

Additionally, focus on generating movement with your changeup by adjusting your arm angle, release point, and grip pressure.

Experiment with different techniques to find what works best for you.

Count Manipulation

Understanding the count and situation is crucial when deciding to throw a changeup.

While it can be effective at any point in an at-bat, certain counts are more favorable for throwing a changeup.

For example, throwing a changeup on a 2-0 or 3-1 count can catch the batter off guard, as they are likely expecting a fastball.

Similarly, using a changeup as an out pitch with two strikes can lead to swings and misses or weak contact.

Setting Up Other Pitches

The changeup can also be used as a setup pitch to complement your other offerings.

By establishing the changeup early in the game, you can create uncertainty in the batter’s mind and make your fastball or breaking pitches more effective.

Mixing up your pitches and sequencing them strategically can keep the batter off balance and increase your chances of success.


FAQs: How to Throw a Changeup

1. What is the ideal speed difference between a fastball and a changeup?

The ideal speed difference between a fastball and a changeup varies from pitcher to pitcher.

However, a general rule of thumb is to aim for a 8-12 mph difference.

This significant speed reduction can deceive batters and disrupt their timing.

2. How can I improve the movement on my changeup?

Improving the movement on your changeup requires experimenting with different arm angles, release points, and grip pressures.

Additionally, focusing on maintaining a consistent arm speed throughout your delivery will help create the desired movement.

3. Should I throw a changeup to every batter?

No, it is not necessary to throw a changeup to every batter.

The decision to throw a changeup should be based on the count, situation, and the batter’s tendencies.

It is important to mix up your pitches and keep the batter guessing.

4. How can I disguise my changeup from a fastball?

Disguising your changeup from a fastball is crucial to deceive the batter.

To achieve this, focus on maintaining the same arm speed and release point as your fastball until the last moment.

This will make it difficult for the batter to differentiate between the two pitches.

5. Can I throw a changeup with a different arm angle?

Yes, experimenting with different arm angles can add variation and movement to your changeup.

However, it is important to maintain consistency in your arm speed and release point, regardless of the arm angle you choose.

6. How can I practice and develop my changeup?

Practicing and developing your changeup requires repetition and focus.

Start by throwing changeups during bullpen sessions and gradually incorporate them into live game situations.

Seek feedback from coaches or experienced pitchers to refine your technique and make necessary adjustments.

7. Should I grip the changeup tighter or looser than my fastball?

Generally, it is recommended to grip the changeup slightly looser than your fastball.

This allows for reduced velocity and generates natural movement.

However, the ideal grip pressure may vary from pitcher to pitcher, so it is important to experiment and find what works best for you.

8. Can a changeup be effective without movement?

While movement adds an extra layer of deception to the changeup, it can still be effective without significant movement.

The change in speed alone can disrupt the batter’s timing and lead to weak contact or swings and misses.

9. How can I maintain consistency with my changeup?

Maintaining consistency with your changeup requires practice and focus on the key mechanics.

Pay attention to your grip, arm speed, and release point during every repetition.

Video analysis can also be helpful in identifying any inconsistencies in your delivery.

10. Can a changeup be thrown as a first pitch?

Yes, a changeup can be thrown as a first pitch to catch the batter off guard.

However, it is important to consider the situation and the batter’s tendencies before deciding to throw a changeup as the first pitch.

11. How do I know if my changeup is effective?

The effectiveness of your changeup can be determined by observing the batter’s reaction and the outcome of the pitch.

If you consistently induce weak contact, swings and misses, or get ahead in the count with your changeup, it is a good indication that your pitch is effective.

12. Can I throw a changeup with a different grip for each pitch?

While it is possible to throw a changeup with a different grip for each pitch, it is generally recommended to stick with one grip variation to maintain consistency and control.

However, pitchers may experiment with different grips during practice to find what works best for them.

13. Should I throw my changeup to both left-handed and right-handed batters?

Yes, it is important to throw your changeup to both left-handed and right-handed batters to keep them off balance.

By mixing up your pitches and using the changeup strategically, you can neutralize the advantage that opposite-handed batters may have.

14. Can I throw a changeup with a sidearm or submarine delivery?

Yes, pitchers with sidearm or submarine deliveries can still throw an effective changeup.

However, it may require some adjustments in grip and release point to maintain consistency and deception.

15. How long does it take to master the changeup?

The time it takes to master the changeup varies from pitcher to pitcher.

It requires consistent practice, experimentation, and refinement of technique.

Some pitchers may develop a feel for the pitch quickly, while others may take more time. Patience and persistence are key in mastering the changeup.


Throwing a changeup is a skill that can greatly enhance a pitcher’s effectiveness on the mound.

By understanding the mechanics, grip variations, and strategies behind this pitch, pitchers can keep batters off balance and increase their chances of success.

Experimenting with different grips, focusing on maintaining consistent arm speed, and strategically using the changeup in various counts and situations are key to mastering this pitch.

With practice and dedication, pitchers can add the changeup to their arsenal and become more well-rounded and effective on the mound.

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