How to Hold a Tennis Racket

Mastering the art of tennis begins with the basics, one of the most important of which is knowing how to hold your tennis racket.

A proper grip is key to your overall performance on the court.

Below we’ll discuss the different ways to hold a tennis racket and how each affects your game play.

Understand the Anatomy of a Tennis Racket

Before you can grasp a tennis racket correctly, it’s crucial to understand its anatomy.

The tennis racket is composed of three main parts: the handle (also known as the grip), the throat, and the head.

The grip is the part you hold, the throat connects the head and the grip, and the head is where the strings are located.

Your style of gripping the racket will largely depend on the type of shot you want to play.

Eastern Forehand Grip

One of the first grips you need to master is the Eastern Forehand Grip.

Often recommended for beginners, it’s relatively easy to learn and offers a good balance between power and control.

To assume this grip, extend your hand as if you’re going to shake hands with the racket.

Place the base knuckle of your index finger on the third bevel of the racket handle.

Your fingers should wrap naturally around the handle, and your thumb should rest against the back of the handle.

Semi-Western Forehand Grip

The Semi-Western Forehand Grip is a popular choice among many professional tennis players.

This grip allows for more topspin, which can give the ball a higher trajectory and sharper angle when it lands.

To get into this grip, move your base knuckle from the third bevel to the fourth. This shifts the racket angle and allows you to hit the ball with more spin.

Western Forehand Grip

The Western Forehand Grip is for more advanced players who want to impart heavy topspin on their shots.

Rotate your base knuckle to the fifth bevel.

This can be a challenging grip to learn and may feel awkward initially, but it can be beneficial for playing on high-bouncing surfaces or against opponents who hit heavy topspin.

Continental Grip

The Continental Grip is often called the ‘chopper’ grip because you hold the racket as if you were about to chop wood.

It’s an extremely versatile grip, used for serves, volleys, overheads, and slices.

Your base knuckle should be on the second bevel of the racket handle for this grip.

While it doesn’t allow for much topspin on groundstrokes, its versatility makes it a valuable grip to master.

How to hold a tennis racket for beginners

Two-Handed Backhand Grip

Many players, especially those on the professional circuit, use a two-handed backhand grip.

This grip provides more control and power for backhand shots. Your dominant hand should be in a Continental Grip while your non-dominant hand assumes an Eastern Forehand Grip above it.

Practice Shifting Between Grips

Mastering the art of gripping a tennis racket not only involves learning individual grips but also the ability to seamlessly transition between them during play.

Practice shifting from one grip to another while maintaining fluidity in your movements.

This will ensure that you can adapt to different play situations effectively.

FAQs – How to Hold a Tennis Racket

1. What is the correct way to hold a tennis racket?

To hold a tennis racket correctly, you should adopt the Eastern grip or the Semi-Western grip, which are the most commonly used grips in tennis.

The Eastern grip involves placing the base knuckle of your index finger on the third bevel of the racket handle, while the Semi-Western grip positions the base knuckle of your index finger between the third and fourth bevels.

Experiment with both grips to determine which one feels more comfortable and suits your playing style.

2. How tightly should I hold the tennis racket?

You should hold the tennis racket with a relaxed and firm grip.

Avoid gripping the racket too tightly, as it can lead to tension in your arm and hinder your stroke fluidity.

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is extremely loose and 10 is extremely tight, aim for a grip strength of around 5 or 6. This allows you to maintain control over the racket while still enabling a fluid and natural swing.

3. Where should my hand be positioned on the tennis racket handle?

Your hand should be positioned towards the bottom of the tennis racket handle, ensuring that there is a small gap between the base of your palm and the end of the handle.

This placement allows for more flexibility and maneuverability in your wrist and hand movements, facilitating better control and generating power in your shots.

4. Should my wrist be straight or bent when holding the tennis racket?

Ideally, you should maintain a neutral wrist position when holding a tennis racket.

Avoid excessive bending or cocking of the wrist, as it can lead to unnecessary strain and limited range of motion during your strokes.

Keeping your wrist relatively straight and relaxed allows for greater flexibility and adaptability in your swing technique.

5. How should I position my fingers on the tennis racket grip?

When holding a tennis racket, your fingers should be spread out comfortably across the grip.

The base knuckle of your index finger should rest on the designated bevel (based on your chosen grip), while your other fingers wrap naturally around the handle.

Avoid gripping the racket too tightly with your fingers, as it can impede your shot control and fluidity.

6. Is it necessary to change grips during different shots?

Yes, it is common to change grips during various shots in tennis.

Different grips offer advantages for different strokes.

For example, the Eastern grip is suitable for most groundstrokes, while the Semi-Western or Western grips are often used for topspin shots.

It’s important to practice and develop proficiency in switching grips smoothly to maximize your performance in different situations on the court.

7. How can I improve my grip strength for better racket control?

To improve your grip strength and enhance racket control, you can incorporate exercises such as squeezing a tennis ball or using grip strengthening devices.

Additionally, participating in regular strength training routines that target your forearm muscles and wrist flexors can help build grip strength.

Remember to consult with a fitness professional or coach to ensure proper form and technique during these exercises.

8. Can I customize the grip size of my tennis racket?

Yes, the grip size of a tennis racket can be customized to suit your hand size and comfort.

Tennis rackets typically come in various grip sizes, ranging from 1 to 5, with 1 being the smallest and 5 being the largest.

You can add overgrips or change the handle size using specialized materials to achieve a grip that feels right for you.

Experimenting with different grip sizes can optimize your playing experience and help prevent discomfort or injury.

9. Are there any specific tips for holding a tennis racket for beginners?

For beginners, it’s important to focus on the fundamentals of holding a tennis racket.

Start by using the Eastern grip, as it provides a good foundation for most shots.

Practice gripping the racket with a relaxed yet firm hold, allowing for free movement and control.

As you develop your skills, gradually explore other grips and seek guidance from a qualified coach to refine your technique and make any necessary adjustments.

10. Can I switch my grip during a match if it feels uncomfortable?

Yes, you can switch your grip during a match if you find your current grip uncomfortable or ineffective.

However, it’s advisable to practice grip changes beforehand to ensure a smooth transition and avoid disrupting your rhythm.

In situations where time is limited, it’s best to rely on a grip that you are comfortable with and save grip changes for practice sessions where you can focus on refining the technique.


Learning how to hold a tennis racket correctly is fundamental to improving your tennis game.

As you get comfortable with each grip, you’ll be able to strike the ball with varying degrees of power, spin, and control, allowing you to become a more versatile and adaptable player.

Practice makes perfect, so keep practicing these grips until they become second nature.

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